Photography by:
  • James Oatway

Social change

This project is focused on two outputs. The first is a GCRO Provocation, Predicting xenophobic attitudes, which was published in September 2019 and is a study conducted by Dr Mark Orkin using the GCRO Quality of Life V (2017/18) dataset. Whereas previous quantitative studies on xenophobia struggled to show the relationship between socio-economic characteristics and xenophobic attitudes, Dr Orkin’s Provocation shows how the objective conditions of respondents do indeed become relevant when mediated by intervening variables.

The second output is an edited volume entitled The Routledge handbook of social change, which is being edited by Richard Ballard (GCRO) and Clive Barnett (Exeter University) and consists of a large number of commissioned chapters from around the world. During the 2019/20 financial year, the editors worked with authors on drafts of their chapters in preparation for the review process in the 2020/21 financial year. In 2020, two thirds of the chapters were reviewed and feedback given to the authors who are in the process of revising their chapters. The editors are gathering final chapters and preparing all content for production.


Orkin, M. (2019). Predicting xenophobic attitudes: Statistical path models of objective and subjective factors. GCRO Provocation 4. September 2019.

Last updated: 10 December 2021.


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