Photography by:
  • Imraan Hendricks & Mark Momberg

Data smart GCR (2020)

  • Complete
  • Samy Katumba, Guy Trangoš

There is an increasing world-wide focus on smart cities, and both big and open data, as a means to address the challenges of rapid urbanisation and enhance the lives of citizens. There is, however, no single definition for a smart city with a broad consensus of smart cities as being intelligent, wired, innovative, entrepreneurial and progressive. A fundamental consideration for any smart city is that smart cities are driven by data – but what does this mean for local and provincial government in a city-region constrained by limited technical resources, disparate and non-integrated planning systems, and inaccessible data? To address this, the project unpacked what the idea of ‘smart-city’ means for the Gauteng City-Region (GCR) within a developing city-region, with specific reference to data as the pillar of any smart analysis or smart planning.

The key research question explored is: how can the GCR become data smart? International initiatives providing context include organisations such as the London Datastore, providing easily accessible free data for the public to use; and the European iCity project, which aims to develop smart city services for the citizens in partnership with the private and public sector. A PhD research topic published by the UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis posed the question “Can open access to a city’s data feed and infrastructure create a positive impact on its inhabitants, influence policy and enhance sustainability, well-being and cross cultural interaction?” This is especially relevant in the GCR context, but at the same time there is a dire need to get the basics right within government in terms of data access and professional GIS resourcing.

The project also focussed on supporting the Gauteng Planning Division’s efforts to establish a corporate GIS and a central spatial database (traditionally referred to as the GeoGCR database). Research was undertaken to document international best practices for a regional GIS, in the context of South African spatial data legislation and Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) initiatives. This included options for a regional Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) and assessing open data policies and technologies. As a case study, a provocation on the challenges and opportunities for sharing address data across Gauteng province was published. Local government GIS professionals were consulted in order to evaluate the current state of Gauteng province in achieving a truly cross platform, multi-government and multi-departmental open data system that will benefit all GCR citizens.

The project responded directly to a number of key provincial government priorities – such as the modernisation of the state, governance and public service – by promoting new sources of data, analysis and advanced technological innovations, and encouraging the ideals of a coordinated, integrated, open data system for the GCR.



In August 2015 the GCRO took part in the Fak'ugesi Digital Africa Festival. The GCRO hosted a one day symposium and exhibition to debate concepts of a smart city and what this means for the GCR. The symposium included both academic contributions and discussions with local and provincial government. The exhibition that followed highlighted the various digital platforms in the GCRO’s expanding urban data gallery, including the GCRO GIS website and ward profile viewer and Esri’s urban observatory website. These were displayed on touch screens, providing visitors with an interactive experience of the GCR. The exhibition also included new data visualisations of GCRO’s data by Wits Digital Arts’ students.

View a short video summary of the Fak'ugesi Festival 2015 here:

Gauteng GIS forums

As part of the ongoing work of the Smart Data GCR project, the GCRO has been participating in regular GIS forum meetings organised by the GIS unit at the Gauteng Planning Division (office of the Premier). The GIS forums gather various GIS stakeholders from government (municipalities and departments) and public sectors to discuss issues related to harmonising GIS activities including the seamless sharing and dissemination of geospatial data across the province. Besides the outcomes of this project, one of the contributions of the GCRO (as project leader) to these initiatives is its involvement in the current drafting of a policy document that would regulate GIS activities across the province.

GCRO provocation on strengthening governance in the GCR through SDI and address data

As part of exploring prospects for a more integrated and coordinated GCR, two SDI experts have been commissioned to write a provocation. The focus of the provocation is on the integration and coordination of geospatial data through a spatial data infrastructure (SDI) in support of governance by exploring address data as a case study. Selected GIS professionals from various provincial and national departments and municipalities across the GCR were consulted and their contributions also informed the drafting the provocation which will soon be finalised.


Coetzee, S. Cooper, A. K and Katumba, S. (2020) 'Strengthening governance in the Gauteng City-Region through a spatial data infrastructure: the case of address data'. GCRO Provocation, Johannesburg: GCRO.

Wray, C. (2015) ‘An open data revolution for the Gauteng City-Region?’, (African Centre for Cities, Cape Town).


Serena Coetzee (May 2019) ‘ Strengthening governance in the Gauteng City-Region through a spatial data infrastructure - the case of address data’. GCRO Internal workshop. 17 May 2019.

Samy Katumba (June 2017) 'Towards establishing a spatial data infrastructure (SDI) to make the Gauteng City-Region data smart'. Gauteng GIS Forum meeting. Centurion. 01 June 2017.

Antony Cooper (June 2017) 'Towards establishing a spatial data infrastructure (SDI) to make the Gauteng City-Region data smart'. GCRO Lunch time seminar. Johannesburg. 31 May 2017.

Antony Cooper (June 2016) ‘SDI/Geoportal for the GCR’. GIS Forum meeting. Ekurhuleni. 02 June 2016.

Media publications

Serena Coetzee, Radio Interview “Monitor” on RSG, 27 July 2020.

Serena Coetzee, Antony Cooper, Samy Katumba, “Single address dataset needed in Covid fight”, IT-ONLINE, IT Industry News Daily, 10 July 2020.

Serena Coetzee, Radio Interview “Sunrise” on SAFM, 7 July 2020.

Serena Coetzee, Antony Cooper, Samy Katumba, “UP team proposes single address dataset to identify and respond to emerging COVID-19 clusters”, University of Pretoria media release, 6 July 2020.

Last updated: 6 October 2020.


The GCRO sends out regular news to update subscribers on our research and events.